Studies in National Deterioration

By | November 18, 2021
Studies in National Deterioration title plate

Studies in National Deterioration included 11 numbers published between 1906-24. The Studies series was published under the imprint of Karl Pearson’s Biometric Laboratory, which published three series under the labels. The full title of this series was Drapers’ Company Research Memoirs. Series C. Studies in National Deterioration.

Pearson launched Series C: Studies after an exchange in The Times on national deterioration:

  • James Crighton-Browne and D.C.L., ‘National Deterioration’, The Times, Tuesday 29 August 1905, Issue 37798, page 6
  • Karl Pearson, ‘National Deterioration’, The Times, Tuesday, 05 September 1905, Issue 37804, page 5

The timing of Pearson’s decision to start this series comes before Pearson agreed to take on what became the Francis Galton Laboratory for National Eugenics late in 1906.

Studies in National Deterioration series

Heron, David. 1906. On the Relation of Fertility in Man to Social Status, and On the Changes in This Relation That Have Taken Place in the Last Fifty Years (London: Dulau and Co.). 22 pp. Studies in National Deterioration number 1.

Pearson, Karl. 1907. A First Study of the Statistics of Pulmonary Tuberculosis (London: Dulau and Co.). 26 pp. Studies in National Deterioration number 2.

Pope, Ernest G. (deceased), edited and revised by Karl Pearson. 1908. A Second Study of the Statistics of Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Marital Infection. With an Appendix on Assortative Mating from Data Reduced by Ethel M. Elderton (London: Dulau and Co.). 36 pp. Studies in National Deterioration number 3.

Title page and endpapers do not specify this as a publication in this series, but structure and format is followed, and the item is listed as number 3 in later endpapers.

Pearson, Karl. 1910. On the Relationship of Health to the Psychical and Physical Characters in School Children (London: Dulau and Co.). 77 pp. Studies in National Deterioration number 4.

Advertised on endpapers as ‘The Health of the School-Child in Relation to its Mental Characters’. This was reprinted in 1923 by Cambridge University Press. 77 pp.

Goring, Charles. 1909. On the Inheritance of the Diatheses of Phthisis and Insanity. A Statistical Study Based Upon the Family History of 1500 Criminals (London: Dulau and Co.). 28 pp. Studies in National Deterioration number 5.

Elderton, William Palin, and Sidney J. Perry. 1910. A Third Study of the Statistics of Pulmonary Tuberculosis. The Mortality of the Tuberculous and Sanatorium Treatment (London: Dulau and Co.). 36 pp. Studies in National Deterioration number 6.

Includes Prefatory Note by Karl Pearson, p. 2.

Snow, Ernest C. 1911. The Intensity of Natural Selection in Man (London: Dulau and Co.). 43 pp. Studies in National Deterioration number 7.

Includes Prefatory Note by Karl Pearson, p. 2.

Elderton, W. Palin, and Sidney J. Perry. 1913. A Fourth Study of the Statistics of Pulmonary Tuberculosis: The Mortality of the Tuberculous: Sanatorium and Tuberculin Treatment. Based on (i.) Dr. Lawrason Brown’s Adirondack Sanitarium data. (ii.) Data from Two Scottish Sanatoria. (iii.) Dr. Austin Flint’s Data from Pre-Sanatorium Days (London: Dulau and Co.). 55 pp. Studies in National Deterioration number 8.

Includes Prefatory Note by Karl Pearson, p. 2.

Williams, Mary H. [sic: Frances], Julia Bell, and Karl Pearson. 1914. A Statistical Study of Oral Temperatures in School Children with Special Reference to Parental, Environmental, and Class Differences (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). 124 pp. Studies in National Deterioration number 9.

Karn, Mary Noel, and Karl Pearson. 1922. Study of the Data Provided by a Baby-Clinic in a Large Manufacturing Town (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). 128 pp. Studies in National Deterioration number 10.

Stocks, Percy assisted by Mary Noel Karn. 1924. Blood Pressure in Early Life. A Statistical Study (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). 88 pp. Studies in National Deterioration number 11.